The Canada-Ontario Agreement Respecting the Great Lakes Basin Ecosystem (COA) is the federal-provincial agreement that outlines how the governments of Canada and Ontario will cooperate and coordinate their efforts to restore, protect and conserve the Great Lakes basin ecosystem.
Canada's Oceans Strategy is the Government of Canada's policy statement for the management of estuarine coastal and marine ecosystems. National in scope, Canada's Oceans Strategysets out the policy direction for ocean management in Canada.
The Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement (GLWQA) expresses the commitment of Canada and the United States to restore and maintain the chemical, physical and biological integrity of the Great Lakes basin ecosystem.
Cold-water (deep-sea) corals have attracted significant scientific and conservation interest in recent years. About 25 to 30 coral species live in waters off Atlantic Canada, most of them in depths of 150 metres and greater. Several of these species are long-lived, grow to a large size (> 1 m) and can form dense concentrations, while at least one can form reefs. The large, habitat-forming species are generally found along the edge of the continental shelf and in deep channels between fishing banks...
Oceans and Coastal Management Division, Oceans, Habitat and Species at Risk Branch
Fisheries and Oceans Canada
Welcome to the homepage of the Eastern Scotian Shelf Integrated Management (ESSIM) Initiative. This page has been designed to provide easy access to information on the ESSIM Initiative and to the activities of the ESSIM Planning Office...
Marine Protected Areas or MPAs are established by Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO) under the Oceans Act to protect and conserve important fish and marine mammal habitats, endangered marine species, unique features and areas of high biological productivity or biodiversity. Canada has committed to establishing a network of protected areas in our oceans to help meet a range of environmental and cultural conservation goals...
The National Aerial Surveillance Program (NASP) helps meet the Government of Canada’s objective to protect and preserve the environment for future generations. The NASP observes the activities of commercial vessels that transit waters under Canadian jurisdiction. Aerial Surveillance serves to protect the environment from both intentional illegal and accidental pollution. TC owns and operates two Dash 8s and one Dash 7 surveillance aircraft capable of surveying all types of actives on the sea surface, each equipped with a state of the art Maritime Surveillance System (MSS6000). The NASP ultimately strives to protect Canada’s ocean resources and fragile marine ecosystems for the benefit of coastal communities and all Canadians.
Demands on our oceans and marine resources are growing fast. While offshore oil & gas, marine transportation and fishing continue to be very important to Canada's economy, there are many new ways in which we are using our oceans. Today, key economic activities in Canada's oceans include: commercial fishing, aquaculture, oceans energy and marine transportation.